How to improve your vocabulary around energy
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How to improve your vocabulary around energy

How electricity is produced may not be something you think about every day, but it's definitely a topic you should learn more vocabulary on for your IELTS test. I can think of many examples where it would help you get a higher band score if you know and use words connected to the topic of energy. This IELTS Writing Task 2 question from Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced is just one example: (Click to enlarge) So, to get started, complete the following two vocabulary exercises on the topic of energy, and then practise using some of the words/phrases by answering the Writing Task 2 question above. Types of power Which of the following types of power are used in your country to produce electricity? Which do you think are a good idea? nuclear, wave, wind, solar, hydroelectric If you’re not sure what some of the types of power are or how to pronounce them, you can use a dictionary to check and then come back to think about your answers to these two questions. Personalising vocabulary like this (i.e. connecting new words/phrases to your own experiences and opinions) is one way to improve your vocabulary for IELTS, and it can be more effective than trying to memorise a list of vocabulary that you don’t relate to your own life. And remember, when you learn new words, it’s important to learn how these words are used with other words, and you’ll see one way to do this in the next exercise. Alternative energy There are different definitions of alternative energy. All of them include renewable resources such as the sun and the wind, while some also include nuclear power because it’s an alternative to fossils fuels (gas, coal and oil). Learn how to use this vocabulary by listening to the following conversation between two students, noting which types of power they think are a good idea, and then completing the vocabulary exercise below.     To check how much you understood before completing the vocabulary exercise, download the recording script and compare it to your notes. (I’ve included the two types of power the students think are a good idea at the end of this post). Now, listen to (or read and listen to) the conversation again, and notice which of the types of power from the previous section are used with the following words:    ______ / ______ farms ______ dams ______ turbines ______ power a ______ power plant   And for another useful combination of words, notice which word meaning ‘to produce’ is used with the word ‘electricity’:   _______ electricity   You can check the answers at the end of this post. Noticing which words are used together in texts and audio recordings is one way to improve your vocabulary, and it can also help you use words more fluently when speaking and writing and process words more quickly when reading or listening. For more vocabulary exercises and tips on learning vocabulary, check out the book Vocabulary for IELTS or Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced, and subscribe to the We Love IELTS newsletter so that you find out when the next post in my vocabulary for IELTS series is published. Don’t forget to practise using this vocabulary by answering the Writing Task 2 question at the beginning of this post. Pete PS The two types of power the students think are a good idea are solar power and wave power. PPS The answers to the vocabulary exercise are: solar farms, wind farms, hydroelectric dams, wind turbines, solar power, a nuclear power plant, generate electricity.

Pete Jones

11 September, 2020

How to improve your vocabulary around energy

How to improve your vocabulary around energy

How electricity is produced may not be something you think about every day, but it's definitely a topic you should learn more vocabulary on for your IELTS test.

I can think of many examples where it would help you get a higher band score if you know and use words connected to the topic of energy.

This IELTS Writing Task 2 question from Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced is just one example:

Writing Task 2 question from Page 89, Unit 16, Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced.

(Click to enlarge)

So, to get started, complete the following two vocabulary exercises on the topic of energy, and then practise using some of the words/phrases by answering the Writing Task 2 question above.

Types of power

Which of the following types of power are used in your country to produce electricity? Which do you think are a good idea?

  • nuclear, wave, wind, solar, hydroelectric

If you’re not sure what some of the types of power are or how to pronounce them, you can use a dictionary to check and then come back to think about your answers to these two questions.

Personalising vocabulary like this (i.e. connecting new words/phrases to your own experiences and opinions) is one way to improve your vocabulary for IELTS, and it can be more effective than trying to memorise a list of vocabulary that you don’t relate to your own life.

And remember, when you learn new words, it’s important to learn how these words are used with other words, and you’ll see one way to do this in the next exercise.

Alternative energy

There are different definitions of alternative energy. All of them include renewable resources such as the sun and the wind, while some also include nuclear power because it’s an alternative to fossils fuels (gas, coal and oil).

Learn how to use this vocabulary by listening to the following conversation between two students, noting which types of power they think are a good idea, and then completing the vocabulary exercise below.

 

 

To check how much you understood before completing the vocabulary exercise, download the recording script and compare it to your notes. (I’ve included the two types of power the students think are a good idea at the end of this post).

Now, listen to (or read and listen to) the conversation again, and notice which of the types of power from the previous section are used with the following words: 

 

  • ______ / ______ farms
  • ______ dams
  • ______ turbines
  • ______ power
  • a ______ power plant

 

And for another useful combination of words, notice which word meaning ‘to produce’ is used with the word ‘electricity’:

 

  • _______ electricity

 

You can check the answers at the end of this post.

Noticing which words are used together in texts and audio recordings is one way to improve your vocabulary, and it can also help you use words more fluently when speaking and writing and process words more quickly when reading or listening.

For more vocabulary exercises and tips on learning vocabulary, check out the book Vocabulary for IELTS or Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced, and subscribe to the We Love IELTS newsletter so that you find out when the next post in my vocabulary for IELTS series is published.

Don’t forget to practise using this vocabulary by answering the Writing Task 2 question at the beginning of this post.

Pete

PS The two types of power the students think are a good idea are solar power and wave power.

PPS The answers to the vocabulary exercise are: solar farms, wind farms, hydroelectric dams, wind turbines, solar power, a nuclear power plant, generate electricity.

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Pete Jones

Pete has been helping IELTS test takers and teachers for many years and really enjoys helping people improve their English and their IELTS band score.

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