Common Mistakes: -ed or -ing for adjectives describing feelings
CommonMistakes
Common Mistakes: -ed or -ing for adjectives describing feelings

As you may know, in addition to writing this blog, I also teach English at University. I recently had an interesting conversation with a student after class, and it went like this: Student: ‘I’m so boring.’ Sophie: ‘I’m sure that’s not true. You do lots of interesting things and you always say interesting things in our class discussions.’ Student: ‘Yes, but that is because I like you and I want to help you with the lesson, but I’m really just boring all the time.’ Sophie: ‘Well, thank you! But I don’t think that you can describe a kind person as boring and I certainly think you have a lot to offer. Student: ‘What are you talking about?’ Sophie: ‘What are YOU talking about?’ Student: ‘I want to change class because I’m boring. I want to go to a higher level.’ Sophie: ‘Oh!!! You mean you’re bored?!?’ Student: ‘Yes!’ Sophie: ‘Well, ok, maybe we can talk about you changing levels, but not before we have fixed your problem with adjective forms!!!’ I remembered this conversation a few days later when I started planning this blog and was looking for ideas on the theme of ‘common mistakes’ because my student isn’t alone in getting confused about the difference between ‘bored’ and ‘boring’ and similar words such as ‘excited’ and ‘exciting’, ‘interested’ and ‘interesting’, ‘exhausted’ and ‘exhausting’.  My student has now moved up a level and we found an explanation that helped her remember the difference between -ed and -ing for ‘feeling’ adjectives very easily. So, if you have the same problem, let’s see if we can fix it now! Here it is, our rule-of-thumb which works for most feeling adjectives with an -ed and -ing form: -ed = have the feeling -ing = cause the feeling So, for example:  ‘I am bored with this song now, I have heard it ten times today.’ (I have the feeling.) ‘This class is boring.’ (It caused boredom. It makes me feel bored.)   ‘I am completely exhausted! I’ve just spent 2 hours in the gym!’ (I feel tired.) ‘Long distance journeys are exhausting.’ (They make me feel tired.)   (Click to enlarge) Want to find out more about common mistakes at IELTS and how to avoid them? I can recommend the common mistakes books for intermediate or advanced depending on your intended band score. Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

28 August, 2020

Common Mistakes: -ed or -ing for adjectives describing feelings

Common Mistakes: -ed or -ing for adjectives describing feelings

As you may know, in addition to writing this blog, I also teach English at University.

I recently had an interesting conversation with a student after class, and it went like this:

Student: ‘I’m so boring.’

Sophie: ‘I’m sure that’s not true. You do lots of interesting things and you always say interesting things in our class discussions.’

Student: ‘Yes, but that is because I like you and I want to help you with the lesson, but I’m really just boring all the time.’

Sophie: ‘Well, thank you! But I don’t think that you can describe a kind person as boring and I certainly think you have a lot to offer.

Student: ‘What are you talking about?’

Sophie: ‘What are YOU talking about?’

Student: ‘I want to change class because I’m boring. I want to go to a higher level.’

Sophie: ‘Oh!!! You mean you’re bored?!?’

Student: ‘Yes!’

Sophie: ‘Well, ok, maybe we can talk about you changing levels, but not before we have fixed your problem with adjective forms!!!’

I remembered this conversation a few days later when I started planning this blog and was looking for ideas on the theme of ‘common mistakes’ because my student isn’t alone in getting confused about the difference between ‘bored’ and ‘boring’ and similar words such as ‘excited’ and ‘exciting’, ‘interested’ and ‘interesting’, ‘exhausted’ and ‘exhausting’. 

My student has now moved up a level and we found an explanation that helped her remember the difference between -ed and -ing for ‘feeling’ adjectives very easily. So, if you have the same problem, let’s see if we can fix it now!

Here it is, our rule-of-thumb which works for most feeling adjectives with an -ed and -ing form:

-ed = have the feeling

-ing = cause the feeling

So, for example: 

‘I am bored with this song now, I have heard it ten times today.’ (I have the feeling.)

‘This class is boring.’ (It caused boredom. It makes me feel bored.)

 

‘I am completely exhausted! I’ve just spent 2 hours in the gym!’ (I feel tired.)

‘Long distance journeys are exhausting.’ (They make me feel tired.)

 

Common Mistakes Language Activity - Adjectives

(Click to enlarge)

Want to find out more about common mistakes at IELTS and how to avoid them? I can recommend the common mistakes books for intermediate or advanced depending on your intended band score.

Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

Sophie has been supporting students on their IELTS journey since 2003 and feels privileged to have watched them succeed. While most people probably do not like taking tests, Sophie believes that preparing for the IELTS exam can be both interesting and fun. She loves language and structure and enjoys exploring both with her students to help them achieve their aims.

More about the author

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Recommended For You

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Common Mistakes at IELTS Intermediate

This book highlights the real mistakes that students make in the IELTS test and shows how to avoid them. Each unit targets a key problem area and is based on analysis of thousands of real tests takers' exams. Clear explanations and exercises show you how to use the language accurately. You can check what you’ve learned in the units with regular tests. *Book Depository is an online bookstore which offers free worldwide delivery. Alternatively, you can find it at your local bookstore or online shop.

3 mistakes to avoid with IELTS test practice
CommonMistakes
3 mistakes to avoid with IELTS test practice

Test practice is an essential part of your IELTS preparation if you want to give yourself the best chance of getting the band score you need. But to make IELTS test practice effective, there are three common mistakes you’ll need to avoid: Not using authentic IELTS test materials Not reviewing your performance properly Not planning your IELTS test practice Read on to find out how to avoid making these mistakes and how to make the most of your test practice. Mistake 1: Not using authentic IELTS test materials Not all IELTS Practice tests contain the types of questions that you’ll get in your real IELTS test, and so it’s important to use test materials from trusted websites/books. Here’s an example of some IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions from IELTS Trainer Academic 2 that are based on the types of questions you may get in your IELTS Speaking test. Let’s talk about what you do. Do you work or are you a student? Work What’s your job? Why did you choose this kind of work? What do you like most about your job? Study What are you studying? Why did you choose this subject / these subjects? What do you like most about your studies? If you do a search online for ‘IELTS Speaking questions’ (as I just did), you may well find examples that look like authentic questions but are not.  I found examples of IELTS Speaking questions on topics you wouldn’t get in a real IELTS test and examples containing grammar mistakes! If you use these to practice, you may get the wrong idea about possible IELTS Speaking topics and become confused about what grammar to use in your answers. So, how can you tell if a practice test is authentic or not? The bad news is you may not be able to, and that’s why it’s very important to check who the test was written by. These authentic practice tests are from Cambridge University Press. Mistake 2: Not reviewing your performance properly After doing an IELTS practice test, you’ll obviously want to check how many answers you got right and/or get an idea of your IELTS band score. But if that’s all you do before doing another IELTS practice test, you’re missing an opportunity to improve your performance.  To make your test practice more effective, it’s important to think about what you did well, any problems you had and what you can do differently next time. After doing an IELTS Speaking practice test, for example, you could ask yourself the following questions and then make a plan for next time. (I’ve included some examples of what your plan might involve below).   Why not practise now by recording yourself answering the IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions above, and then answering the reflection questions when you listen back? Mistake 3: Not planning your IELTS test practice Let’s say you practised the IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions above but didn’t review your performance, how would you know what you can do better next time?  If, on the other hand, you reflected on your performance, you’d have a better idea of how to improve and could then plan what to do when (or before) you practise again. For example: if you noticed that your answers to the speaking questions were very short, arrange for someone to practise with you and ask you follow-up questions to help you give longer answers. if you didn’t understand a particular question, plan and practise what you’re going to do in your Speaking test if this were to happen again (i.e. learn and practise how to ask the examiner to repeat a question or explain what a word means). if you realised you didn’t know enough vocabulary to talk about your work or study, learn more words/phrases to talk about the topic before practising it again. So, now that you’ve seen how to avoid some common mistakes with test practice, you’re ready to do some IELTS test practice and get better results! Pete  

Pete Jones

2 June, 2020

3 mistakes to avoid with IELTS test practice

3 mistakes to avoid with IELTS test practice

Test practice is an essential part of your IELTS preparation if you want to give yourself the best chance of getting the band score you need.

But to make IELTS test practice effective, there are three common mistakes you’ll need to avoid:

  • Not using authentic IELTS test materials
  • Not reviewing your performance properly
  • Not planning your IELTS test practice

Read on to find out how to avoid making these mistakes and how to make the most of your test practice.

Mistake 1: Not using authentic IELTS test materials

Not all IELTS Practice tests contain the types of questions that you’ll get in your real IELTS test, and so it’s important to use test materials from trusted websites/books.

Here’s an example of some IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions from IELTS Trainer Academic 2 that are based on the types of questions you may get in your IELTS Speaking test.

Let’s talk about what you do. Do you work or are you a student?

Work

  • What’s your job?
  • Why did you choose this kind of work?
  • What do you like most about your job?

Study

  • What are you studying?
  • Why did you choose this subject / these subjects?
  • What do you like most about your studies?

If you do a search online for ‘IELTS Speaking questions’ (as I just did), you may well find examples that look like authentic questions but are not. 

I found examples of IELTS Speaking questions on topics you wouldn’t get in a real IELTS test and examples containing grammar mistakes! If you use these to practice, you may get the wrong idea about possible IELTS Speaking topics and become confused about what grammar to use in your answers.

So, how can you tell if a practice test is authentic or not? The bad news is you may not be able to, and that’s why it’s very important to check who the test was written by.

These authentic practice tests are from Cambridge University Press.

Mistake 2: Not reviewing your performance properly

After doing an IELTS practice test, you’ll obviously want to check how many answers you got right and/or get an idea of your IELTS band score.

But if that’s all you do before doing another IELTS practice test, you’re missing an opportunity to improve your performance. 

To make your test practice more effective, it’s important to think about what you did well, any problems you had and what you can do differently next time.

After doing an IELTS Speaking practice test, for example, you could ask yourself the following questions and then make a plan for next time. (I’ve included some examples of what your plan might involve below).

Question Checklist

 

Why not practise now by recording yourself answering the IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions above, and then answering the reflection questions when you listen back?

Mistake 3: Not planning your IELTS test practice

Let’s say you practised the IELTS Speaking Part 1 questions above but didn’t review your performance, how would you know what you can do better next time? 

If, on the other hand, you reflected on your performance, you’d have a better idea of how to improve and could then plan what to do when (or before) you practise again.

For example:

  • if you noticed that your answers to the speaking questions were very short, arrange for someone to practise with you and ask you follow-up questions to help you give longer answers.
  • if you didn’t understand a particular question, plan and practise what you’re going to do in your Speaking test if this were to happen again (i.e. learn and practise how to ask the examiner to repeat a question or explain what a word means).
  • if you realised you didn’t know enough vocabulary to talk about your work or study, learn more words/phrases to talk about the topic before practising it again.

So, now that you’ve seen how to avoid some common mistakes with test practice, you’re ready to do some IELTS test practice and get better results!

Pete
 

Pete Jones

Pete has been helping IELTS test takers and teachers for many years and really enjoys helping people improve their English and their IELTS band score.

More about the author

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Common Mistakes at IELTS Advanced

This book highlights the real mistakes that students make in the IELTS test and shows how to avoid them. Each unit targets a key problem area and is based on analysis of thousands of scripts from real test takers. Clear explanations and exercises show you how to use the language accurately. You can check what you’ve learned in the units with regular tests. *Book Depository is an online bookstore which offers free worldwide delivery. Alternatively, you can find it at your local bookstore or online shop.

Misusing linking expressions (Grammar)
CommonMistakes
Misusing linking expressions (Grammar)

Welcome back to the third and final part in my blog series on common mistakes in using linking expressions. In the first blog we looked at the importance of understanding the exact wording and meaning of linking expressions and in the second instalment we considered the importance of understanding the logic behind the expressions.  We’re now going to have a look at the importance of studying how a linking word fits into a sentence grammatically. If the word ‘grammar’ makes you want to scream and run away, please don’t: I promise it’s not so bad.  Let’s look at these two examples: Because Because of They look pretty much the same, right? Wrong! (Sorry!) So why is that? Let’s look at them again, this time in example sentences:  Because of the bad weather, we stayed at home.  Because the weather was bad, we stayed at home. After because of we need a noun, or something that looks like a noun (a noun phrase or -ing form), after because, we need a full clause with a noun and a verb.  ‘A noun phrase is a group of words that can be replaced by a pronoun: “the bad weather” = “it”.’ This was a pretty simple example. So let’s try something a little bit more ambitious. Before you read on, think about how you would use the expression ’as well as’ in a sentence.  You may have opted for something straightforward like: I play the piano as well as the violin.✅ Or you may have tried something like this:  She plays the piano. As well as she plays the violin.❌ Don’t worry if you got this wrong. A lot of my students do. It’s a very common mistake. Look at this example and see if you can work out what the linking expression as well as needs in this example.  As well as playing the piano, she plays the violin.  So, the linking expression usually needs a noun or, in this case, a verb that pretends to be a noun (-ing form). So, even though it looks more complicated, it’s really the same rule as ‘because of’. So far so good!  However, when we use the infinitive, we can also use the expression like this: I have to do a practice writing test as well as finish the grammar exercises.  So: infinitive + to / as well as / infinitive - to I have hundreds of examples of common grammatical mistakes with linking words, but I’m not going to share any more with you here, because we’ve already looked at two and that’s more than enough for one day. We often say that it is quality and not quantity that matters, and to a certain extent that is true in IELTS: It is better to be able to use fewer linking expressions well than to use a lot of different ones incorrectly. However, that should not stop you from building your knowledge of linking expressions right up to the day you take the test. Just go at a speed that allows you to invest the time that learning the wording, logic and grammar of each linking expression requires.  Language activity:  Download our activity worksheet to practice: Worksheet download           Once you have completed the worksheet, download the answer sheet to see how well you’ve done.  Answer sheet download Best of luck! Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

26 May, 2020

Misusing linking expressions (Grammar)

Misusing linking expressions (Grammar)

Welcome back to the third and final part in my blog series on common mistakes in using linking expressions. In the first blog we looked at the importance of understanding the exact wording and meaning of linking expressions and in the second instalment we considered the importance of understanding the logic behind the expressions
We’re now going to have a look at the importance of studying how a linking word fits into a sentence grammatically. If the word ‘grammar’ makes you want to scream and run away, please don’t: I promise it’s not so bad. 

Let’s look at these two examples:

  • Because
  • Because of

They look pretty much the same, right? Wrong! (Sorry!)

So why is that? Let’s look at them again, this time in example sentences: 

  • Because of the bad weather, we stayed at home. 
  • Because the weather was bad, we stayed at home.

After because of we need a noun, or something that looks like a noun (a noun phrase or -ing form), after because, we need a full clause with a noun and a verb. 

‘A noun phrase is a group of words that can be replaced by a pronoun: “the bad weather” = “it”.’

This was a pretty simple example. So let’s try something a little bit more ambitious. Before you read on, think about how you would use the expression ’as well as’ in a sentence. 

You may have opted for something straightforward like:

I play the piano as well as the violin.

Or you may have tried something like this: 

She plays the piano. As well as she plays the violin.

Don’t worry if you got this wrong. A lot of my students do. It’s a very common mistake.
Look at this example and see if you can work out what the linking expression as well as needs in this example. 

As well as playing the piano, she plays the violin. 

So, the linking expression usually needs a noun or, in this case, a verb that pretends to be a noun (-ing form). So, even though it looks more complicated, it’s really the same rule as ‘because of’. So far so good! 

However, when we use the infinitive, we can also use the expression like this:

I have to do a practice writing test as well as finish the grammar exercises. 

So: infinitive + to / as well as / infinitive - to

I have hundreds of examples of common grammatical mistakes with linking words, but I’m not going to share any more with you here, because we’ve already looked at two and that’s more than enough for one day.

We often say that it is quality and not quantity that matters, and to a certain extent that is true in IELTS: It is better to be able to use fewer linking expressions well than to use a lot of different ones incorrectly. However, that should not stop you from building your knowledge of linking expressions right up to the day you take the test. Just go at a speed that allows you to invest the time that learning the wording, logic and grammar of each linking expression requires. 

Language activity: 

Download our activity worksheet to practice:

Download Worksheet

Worksheet download          

Once you have completed the worksheet, download the answer sheet to see how well you’ve done. 

Answer Sheet

Answer sheet download

Best of luck!

Sophie

Common Mistakes at IELTS Advanced used by Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

Sophie has been supporting students on their IELTS journey since 2003 and feels privileged to have watched them succeed. While most people probably do not like taking tests, Sophie believes that preparing for the IELTS exam can be both interesting and fun. She loves language and structure and enjoys exploring both with her students to help them achieve their aims.

More about the author

filter tags

Recommended For You

recommended book image
Common Mistakes at IELTS Advanced

This book highlights the real mistakes that students make in the IELTS test and shows how to avoid them. Each unit targets a key problem area and is based on analysis of thousands of scripts from real test takers. Clear explanations and exercises show you how to use the language accurately. You can check what you’ve learned in the units with regular tests. *Book Depository is an online bookstore which offers free worldwide delivery. Alternatively, you can find it at your local bookstore or online shop.

Common Mistakes Linking Expressions
CommonMistakes
Misusing linking expressions with examples (Logic and Syntax)

Do linking expressions drive you bananas?  Welcome back to my blog series on linking expressions! If you haven’t seen my previous blog, take a look after you’ve read this blog post.   Today I’m going to outline typical examples of common mistakes students make in logic and grammar and I’ll give you a few tips on how to avoid them in the exam. Once you have understood the meaning of a linking expression, it’s really important to study how it links ideas logically and grammatically. For example, just because ‘although’ has a similar meaning as ‘however’, it doesn’t mean that we can use them the same way in a sentence. That’s why it’s important to study linking expressions through short, simple examples.  I really love fruit. However, I don’t like bananas. ✅ I really love fruit. Although I don’t like bananas. ❌ Although I really love fruit, I don’t like bananas. ✅ As you can see, sometimes a linking expression connects ideas across two separate sentences and sometimes it combines two sentences into one. It’s important to notice whether to use one or two sentences. The words ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘also’, for example, combine sentences, which is why they shouldn’t be used at the start of the sentence. I like apples. And I like peaches.❌ I like apples and I like peaches. ✅ Many linking words can be used in more than one position in the sentence, as you can see in these examples.  I really like fruit. However, bananas are not my favourite.  I really like fruit. Bananas, however, are not my favourite. I really like fruit. Bananas are not my favourite, however.  The problem is that you can’t just insert any linking word into these positions in the sentence because what is possible for some might not be possible for others. Therefore, it is really important to study possible positions for each linking expression within the sentence and only use them where you know they work. In some cases, you also have to be careful about how you arrange the ideas around the linking expression.  Due to an allergy, I cannot eat strawberries. ✅ OR  I cannot eat strawberries due to an allergy ✅ I am allergic to strawberries, so I cannot eat them. ✅ BUT NOT So, I cannot eat them, I am allergic to strawberries. ❌ Both ‘due to’ and ‘so’ link reason and result, but while ‘due to’ needs to be in the same half of the sentence as the reason, ‘so’ needs to be with the result. ‘So’ may be a very simple example, but it illustrates the point that it is very important to understand the logical relationship linking expressions created between the different ideas in your writing.  As a consequence of my strawberry allergy, I cannot drink strawberry milk. OR I cannot drink strawberry milk, as a consequence of my strawberry allergy. BUT I have a strawberry allergy. Consequently, I cannot drink strawberry milk. As you can see, ‘as a consequence of’ and ‘consequently’ look very similar and have the same meaning, but they are used very differently within the sentence: ‘As a consequence of’ usually combines two ideas in a single sentence and is placed with the reason while ‘consequently’ links ideas across two sentences and is placed with the result.  Finally, remember that in the written exam, you should use formal language, so you’ll  need to consider style when studying linking expressions. For example, the word ‘though’ has the same meaning as the word ‘although’, but it is not really a formal way of linking ideas.  Figuring all of this out and remembering it takes a lot of time and effort, but there’s good news, too: For the writing part of the exam, you don’t need to know hundreds of linking expressions. It’s much better to study a reasonable number of linking expressions for each situation (e.g. reason and result, contrast, addition) in detail and arrange the ideas you are trying to express accordingly.  Top Tips for studying linking expressions:  Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

20 March, 2020

Misusing linking expressions with examples (Logic and Syntax)

Common Mistakes Linking Expressions

Do linking expressions drive you bananas? 
Welcome back to my blog series on linking expressions! If you haven’t seen my previous blog, take a look after you’ve read this blog post.  
Today I’m going to outline typical examples of common mistakes students make in logic and grammar and I’ll give you a few tips on how to avoid them in the exam.

Once you have understood the meaning of a linking expression, it’s really important to study how it links ideas logically and grammatically. For example, just because ‘although’ has a similar meaning as ‘however’, it doesn’t mean that we can use them the same way in a sentence. That’s why it’s important to study linking expressions through short, simple examples. 

I really love fruit. However, I don’t like bananas. ✅
I really love fruit. Although I don’t like bananas. ❌
Although I really love fruit, I don’t like bananas. ✅

As you can see, sometimes a linking expression connects ideas across two separate sentences and sometimes it combines two sentences into one. It’s important to notice whether to use one or two sentences. The words ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘also’, for example, combine sentences, which is why they shouldn’t be used at the start of the sentence.

I like apples. And I like peaches.❌
I like apples and I like peaches. ✅

Many linking words can be used in more than one position in the sentence, as you can see in these examples. 

I really like fruit. However, bananas are not my favourite. 
I really like fruit. Bananas, however, are not my favourite.
I really like fruit. Bananas are not my favourite, however. 

The problem is that you can’t just insert any linking word into these positions in the sentence because what is possible for some might not be possible for others. Therefore, it is really important to study possible positions for each linking expression within the sentence and only use them where you know they work.
In some cases, you also have to be careful about how you arrange the ideas around the linking expression. 

Due to an allergy, I cannot eat strawberries. ✅
OR 
I cannot eat strawberries due to an allergy ✅


I am allergic to strawberries, so I cannot eat them. ✅
BUT NOT
So, I cannot eat them, I am allergic to strawberries. ❌

Both ‘due to’ and ‘so’ link reason and result, but while ‘due to’ needs to be in the same half of the sentence as the reason, ‘so’ needs to be with the result. ‘So’ may be a very simple example, but it illustrates the point that it is very important to understand the logical relationship linking expressions created between the different ideas in your writing. 

As a consequence of my strawberry allergy, I cannot drink strawberry milk.
OR
I cannot drink strawberry milk, as a consequence of my strawberry allergy.
BUT
I have a strawberry allergy. Consequently, I cannot drink strawberry milk.

As you can see, ‘as a consequence of’ and ‘consequently’ look very similar and have the same meaning, but they are used very differently within the sentence: ‘As a consequence of’ usually combines two ideas in a single sentence and is placed with the reason while ‘consequently’ links ideas across two sentences and is placed with the result. 

Finally, remember that in the written exam, you should use formal language, so you’ll  need to consider style when studying linking expressions. For example, the word ‘though’ has the same meaning as the word ‘although’, but it is not really a formal way of linking ideas. 

Figuring all of this out and remembering it takes a lot of time and effort, but there’s good news, too: For the writing part of the exam, you don’t need to know hundreds of linking expressions. It’s much better to study a reasonable number of linking expressions for each situation (e.g. reason and result, contrast, addition) in detail and arrange the ideas you are trying to express accordingly. 

Top Tips for studying linking expressions: 

Top Tips Checklist


Sophie

Common Mistakes at IELTS Intermediate used by Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

Sophie has been supporting students on their IELTS journey since 2003 and feels privileged to have watched them succeed. While most people probably do not like taking tests, Sophie believes that preparing for the IELTS exam can be both interesting and fun. She loves language and structure and enjoys exploring both with her students to help them achieve their aims.

More about the author

filter tags

Recommended For You

recommended book image
Common Mistakes at IELTS Intermediate

This book highlights the real mistakes that students make in the IELTS test and shows how to avoid them. Each unit targets a key problem area and is based on analysis of thousands of real tests takers' exams. Clear explanations and exercises show you how to use the language accurately. You can check what you’ve learned in the units with regular tests. *Book Depository is an online bookstore which offers free worldwide delivery. Alternatively, you can find it at your local bookstore or online shop.

common mistakes
CommonMistakes
Misusing linking expressions

Linking expressions can be confusing – not only to those preparing for the IELTS test, but also to the examiner, because a linking expression used incorrectly can have serious effects on the reader’s understanding of a text. You don’t want any loss of meaning to negatively affect your writing mark. For the Writing section of the test, it is important to study the exact wording used in linking expressions. Look at the two expressions below. Only one of them is a linking expression. Which one is it? ‘on the other hand’  OR  ‘on the other side’  If you chose ‘on the other hand’, well done! This is a linking expression used for contrasting two ideas. ‘On the other side’ is not a linking expression. You would use this to say something like ‘the other side of the street’ or ‘the other side of the room’. Here’s another example of a common mistake: We can say ‘in spite of’ or ‘despite’ but not ‘despite of’. Examiners will definitely notice these kinds of mistakes, so it's worth going over the linking expressions you currently use to make sure you know their meanings and use them correctly in sentences. Just because two linking expressions look similar, it doesn’t mean that they have the same meaning. Top Tip: Always make sure you have thoroughly understood the meaning of a linking expression. Memorising an easy and clear example sentence might help with this. On the contrary ... What do you think the expression ‘on the contrary’ means? When I ask this question in class, the vast majority of students immediately respond with ‘on the other hand’. Unfortunately, that is a very common mistake. Look at the two expressions again in these examples: Building playgrounds for children is not an unnecessary expense. On the contrary, providing children with a safe environment is vital to their mental development.  'I thought you said you hated school.’ ‘On the contrary, I love it.’ ‘On the contrary’ can be used to emphasise a previous sentence by the same writer or speaker (1), or to strongly contradict something that was said by a different speaker (2). On the other hand ... ‘On the other hand’ usually contrasts two different ideas (swings and trampolines in the example below): Swings are relatively safe. Trampolines, on the other hand, are often considered to be dangerous.  It’s OK not to be confident with linking expressions in your writing. Focus on the ones you know you can use accurately and slowly build up more as you go along.  Having a good understanding of a wide range of linking expressions will still be useful in the Reading and Listening sections of the test. However, accuracy is less important here as you can usually work out the meaning from context.  Top Tip: If in doubt, use an easier linking expression instead of one where you’re not 100% sure of the meaning. Language activity:  Download our activity worksheet to practice your linking expressions.    Worksheet download Once you have completed the worksheet, download the answer sheet to see how well you’ve done.    Answer sheet download Hope you found this useful, we’ll be covering more common mistakes in later blogs so please come back for more. Sophie  

Sophie Hodgson

28 February, 2020

Misusing linking expressions

common mistakes

Linking expressions can be confusing – not only to those preparing for the IELTS test, but also to the examiner, because a linking expression used incorrectly can have serious effects on the reader’s understanding of a text. You don’t want any loss of meaning to negatively affect your writing mark.

For the Writing section of the test, it is important to study the exact wording used in linking expressions. Look at the two expressions below. Only one of them is a linking expression. Which one is it?

on the other hand’ 

OR 

on the other side’ 


If you chose ‘on the other hand’, well done! This is a linking expression used for contrasting two ideas. ‘On the other side’ is not a linking expression. You would use this to say something like ‘the other side of the street’ or ‘the other side of the room’.

Here’s another example of a common mistake:

We can say ‘in spite of’ or ‘despite’ but not ‘despite of’.

Examiners will definitely notice these kinds of mistakes, so it's worth going over the linking expressions you currently use to make sure you know their meanings and use them correctly in sentences. Just because two linking expressions look similar, it doesn’t mean that they have the same meaning.

top-tip

Top Tip: Always make sure you have thoroughly understood the meaning of a linking expression. Memorising an easy and clear example sentence might help with this.

On the contrary ...

What do you think the expression ‘on the contrary’ means? When I ask this question in class, the vast majority of students immediately respond with ‘on the other hand’. Unfortunately, that is a very common mistake.

Look at the two expressions again in these examples:

  1. Building playgrounds for children is not an unnecessary expense. On the contrary, providing children with a safe environment is vital to their mental development. 
  2. 'I thought you said you hated school.’ ‘On the contrary, I love it.’

‘On the contrary’ can be used to emphasise a previous sentence by the same writer or speaker (1), or to strongly contradict something that was said by a different speaker (2).


On the other hand ...

‘On the other hand’ usually contrasts two different ideas (swings and trampolines in the example below):

Swings are relatively safe. Trampolines, on the other hand, are often considered to be dangerous. 

It’s OK not to be confident with linking expressions in your writing. Focus on the ones you know you can use accurately and slowly build up more as you go along. 

Having a good understanding of a wide range of linking expressions will still be useful in the Reading and Listening sections of the test. However, accuracy is less important here as you can usually work out the meaning from context. 

top-tip

Top Tip: If in doubt, use an easier linking expression instead of one where you’re not 100% sure of the meaning.

Language activity: 

Download our activity worksheet to practice your linking expressions. 

 

Download Worksheet

Worksheet download

Once you have completed the worksheet, download the answer sheet to see how well you’ve done. 

 

Answer Sheet

Answer sheet download

Hope you found this useful, we’ll be covering more common mistakes in later blogs so please come back for more.

Sophie

 

Common Mistakes at IELTS Advanced used by Sophie

Sophie Hodgson

Sophie has been supporting students on their IELTS journey since 2003 and feels privileged to have watched them succeed. While most people probably do not like taking tests, Sophie believes that preparing for the IELTS exam can be both interesting and fun. She loves language and structure and enjoys exploring both with her students to help them achieve their aims.

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